Biennial Flight Review

1. To act as Pilot in Command or as a required flight crewmember what must a pilot have in their possession? (FAR 61.3(a)(1); (a)(2); & (c))
2. What are the requirements to remain current as a Private Pilot? (FAR 61.56, 61.57)
3. What Documents are required on board an aircraft prior to flight? (FAR 91.203, 91.9)
4. What is the duration and content of the Flight Review required under FAR 61.56?
5. Who is responsible for ensuring that an aircraft is maintained in an airworthy condition? (FAR 91.403)
6. Who is responsible for determining whether an aircraft is in condition for a safe flight? (FAR 91.7)
7. How long does the Airworthiness Certificate of an Aircraft remain valid? (FAR Part 21)
8. What are the required Maintenance Inspections for Aircraft? (FAR 91.409)
9. How often must the Transponder in an Aircraft be Tested and Inspected? (FAR 91.413)
10. What are some examples of sources of weather information? (AIM 7-2)
11. What pertinent information should a Weather Briefing Include? (AIM 7-3)
12. If the Isobars are relatively close together on a surface chart what information does this provide? (AC00-6A)
13. What does "Dewpoint" mean? (AC00-6A)
14. What conditions are necessary for structural icing to occur? (AC00-6A)
15. Why is frost considered to be hazardous to flight? (AC00-6A)
16. What is "Wind Sheer", where is it most likely to occur, and why is it an operational concern to pilots? (AC00-6A)
17. You're receiving ATC radar traffic advisories while flying along in beautiful VFR at 4500' MSL over flat, sea level terrain in a Cessna 172, and you notice that you've had to increase the throttle in order to maintain cruise RPM setting. Even at full throttle, the RPM begins to decline. Your initial action should be to:
18. You're receiving ATC radar traffic advisories while flying along in beautiful VFR at 4500' over flat, sea-level terrain in a Cessna 172, and you notice that the oil pressure is dropping and the oil temperature is increasing. Your initial action should be to:
19. You've just departed a tower-controlled airport on a 4000' hard surfaced runway, when the engine in your C-172 quits. Your first priority should be to:
20. What is "Torque Effect"? (AC61-23C)
21. What is "Load Factor" and what situations may result in load factor reaching the maximum or being exceeded? (AC61-21A)
22. What is "Maneuvering Speed"? (AC61-23C)
23. What causes an airplane to stall? (AC61-23C)
24. What causes "Adverse Yaw"? (AC61-23C)
25. What is "Ground Effect"? (AC61-23C)
26. What Performance Characteristics will be adversely affected when an aircraft has been overloaded? (AC61-23C)
27. What effect will a forward center of gravity have on an aircraft's flight characteristics? (AC61-23C)
28. What effect will a rearward center of gravity have on an aircraft's flight characteristics? (AC61-23C)
29. How does Air Density affect Takeoff and Landing Performance? (AC61-23C)
30. What are the "V Speeds" for your aircraft? (Specify Knots, Mph, or mark N/A)
Vso ____ Vx ____ Vne ____ Va ____ Vlo ____
31. What actions should be taken if you become lost or disoriented on a cross-country flight?
32. What actions should be taken if your aircraft is low on fuel and/or the weather is deteriorating?
33. What is the universal VHF emergency frequency? (AC61-23C)
34. When approaching an unfamiliar non-towered airport, you choose to fly over the airport to observe the aircraft layout, any local traffic in the area, and the wind and traffic direction indicators. Such a fly-over should be at how many feet above the traffic pattern altitude? (AC 90-42F)
35. As you approach a non-towered airport for the purpose of landing, from how far out should you monitor and communicate, as appropriate, on the appropriate frequency (unless the Federal Aviation Regulations or local procedures require otherwise)? (AC90-66A)
36. How can you determine what frequency is appropriate for activating your VFR flight plan once airborne?
37. What restrictions apply to pilots concerning the use of Drugs and Alcohol? (FAR 91.17)
38. If operating in close proximity to another aircraft, such as formation flying, what regulations apply? (FAR 91.111)
39. When must ELT batteries be replaced? (FAR 91.207)
40. Generally how high above "congested areas" must your aircraft remain? (FAR 91.119)
41. What is the lateral boundary limit of Class C airspace? (AIM 3-14)
42. When is ATC authorization required to operate in Class E airspace? (FAR 91.157)
43. In Class E airspace, below 10,000 feet MSL, how many feet horizontally must you remain from clouds? (FAR 91.155)
44. To enter an airport traffic pattern, under VFR conditions, in a class B, C, D, or E airspace, what is the required ground visibility? (FAR 91.155)
45. What general rules apply concerning traffic pattern operations at an airport without an operating control tower? (FAR 91.126)
46. Under what conditions, if any, may pilots enter Restricted or Prohibited areas? (FAR 91.133)
47. What is the fuel requirement for VFR flight at night? (FAR 91.151)
48. (a) You're twenty minutes from your destination when you realize that a fuel cap is missing, avgas has been siphoning out of the tank, and you have barely enough fuel to make the field. What is the best way to ensure ATC understands the seriousness of the situation and gives you priority handling?
49. You're flying VFR to a busy destination airport, getting traffic advisories from Center. Approaching the Class C airspace boundary for your destination, Center tells you to contact Approach Control. When you do, you hear "Lance six zero bravo, radar contact, ahhh, stand by, we have an emergency in progress...break...Cessna five whiskey juliet, say number of souls on board and fuel remaining..." What's your best move?
50. What are the regulations concerning use of supplemental oxygen onboard an aircraft? (FAR 91.211)
51. Where is Mode C encoding transponder equipment required? (FAR 91.215)
52. What are the following transponder codes? 1200; 7700; 7600; and 7500. (AIM 4-19)
53. What procedures should be used for operation into an airport traffic area with an inoperative radio? (AIM 4-43)
54. What operational procedures should be followed when wing tip vortices are suspected to exist?
55. What causes carburetor icing and what are the first indications of its presence? (AC61-23A CH2)
56. Which instruments operate off the Pitot-Static system? (IFH CH 4)
57. Which instruments operate off the Vacuum system? (IFH CH 4)
58. What is Hypoxia, where does it usually occur, and what are the symptoms? (AIM 8-1-2)
59. What is hyperventilation and what are the symptoms? (AIM 8-1-3)
60. How does Carbon Monoxide Poisoning occur, and what are the symptoms? (AC61-21A, AIM 8-1-4)
Flight Training Handbook (AC61-21A)
Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM)
Aviation Weather (AC00-6A)
Aviation Weather Services (AC00-45C)
Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge (AC61-23C)
Instrument Flying Handbook (AC61-27C)


Flying Is...

"I confess that in 1901, I said to my brother Orville that man would not fly for fifty years . . . Ever since, I have distrusted myself and avoided all predictions." >Wilbur Wright, in a speech to the Aero Club of France, 1908.